Keyword Analysis & Research: flattening of diaphragm on x ray

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is flattening of the diaphragm on a chest radiograph?

Flattening of the diaphragm is the most sensitive sign on chest radiographs for the presence of hyperinflation of the lungs, usually due to emphysema 1,2. On a lateral chest radiograph, the normal dome of each hemidiaphragm should rise at least 1.5 cm above a line connecting the costophrenic angle posteriorly and sternophrenic angle anteriorly 1.

What is the diaphragm on a chest X-ray?

The diaphragm is usually smooth and dome shaped found on both sides of the chest at roughly the same position or slightly different. The causes are varied and the chest X-ray is a often where this diagnosis is found. This can be an incidental finding or related to the cause of your breathing symptoms.

What causes flattened diaphragm in COPD?

Other factors, such as occupational exposure to dust and fumes, also play a role. The signs and symptoms of COPD result from damage to your airways and lung tissue and the resultant decline in your lungs’ ability to exchange gases. A flattened diaphragm is a frequent finding on the chest x-rays of people with COPD.

What causes elevation of the diaphragm?

These causes will be seen on the chest X-ray and can be suggested in the diagnosis. The diaphragm itself can also be the cause of the elevation. The diaghragm is controlled by the phrenic nerve which travels from the neck, through the chest next to the heart and then to the diaphragm.

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